Caryota mitis Lour. Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. Leaves can be up to 3 m (10 feet) long. Common Name: Jaggary Palm. Fruit colour; life form. Each frond sports deep-green, saw-tooth edged leaflets resembling fishtails. Native to Thailand and Southeast Asia, the fast growing Caryota mitis has taken the landscape world by storm in the past 15 years. CLUSTERED FISHTAIL PALM, FISHTAIL PALM, HAWAIIAN FISHTAIL PALM, BURMESE FISHTAIL PALM. Common Names: Clustering Fishtail Palm. Description: This is a clustering palm, which can form a clump up to 8 metres (24 feet) high and 4 … Flowers are purple, and the fruits—harmful to humans—are dark purple or red. The Caryota Mitis originates from Southeast Asia and is also called the Pisces tail palm. Evergreen, indoor. Family Name: Arecaceae (Palmae) Synonyms: Caryota speciosa, Thuessinkia speciosa, Caryota sobolifera, Caryota javanica, Caryota nana, Caryota propinqua, Caryota furfuracea, Drymophloeus zippellii, Caryota griffithii. 32cm Common Name: Fishtail Scientific Name: Caryota mitis Zone: 10A-11 Growth Rate: Moderate Origin: Southeast Asia Salt Tolerance: Low Drought Tol. Caryota mitis is easily distinguished by its gracefully arching exotic foliage. Mart. Caryota propinqua Blume ex Mart. : Moderate Typical Height: 18'-25' DESCRIPTION. Fishtail palm tree gets its common name from the ragged-edged, ribbed texture of the dark-green leaflets that grow on upright stems. Tree Characteristics Common Name: Clustering Fishtail Palm . The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Common Name: Fishtail Palm ... Leaves are identifiable by their fishtail shape, hence the common name. According to Monier-Williams, it is called moha-karin ("delusion maker") in Sanskrit. Although each stem is monocarpic and dies after its fruit matures, the plant is long-lived because every stem is replaced by new basal shoots. If you live in a warm climate such as in Florida or the southern West Coast, the Fishtail Palm tree will be a perfect addition to your home or garden. CLUSTERED FISHTAIL PALM, FISHTAIL PALM, HAWAIIAN FISHTAIL PALM, BURMESE FISHTAIL PALM. Fortunately, as the common name of C. mitis suggests, the “Clustering Fishtail Palm” frequently grow in clusters of stems rather than solitary stems and only the flowering stem dies after fruiting (figure 3, left, below). Common names in English include solitary fishtail palm, kitul palm, toddy palm, wine palm, sago palm and jaggery palm. Caryota nana Linden: Many-stemmed fishtail palm (Engl.) 2011. Native to Southeast Asia. As its name suggests, the common fishtail palm can be easily identified with its iconic leaflets that resemble the tail of a fish. Fishtail Palm Tree – Caryota mitis The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Family: Arecaceae. The distinctive Fishtail Palm has leaves that resemble the tail of a fish, which makes it popular with the rare plant-loving angler. ex. Caryota mitis - Clustered Fishtail Palm The Clustered Fishtail Palm is a multi-trunked palm tree named for bright green leaflets that resemble the tail fin of a fish. 2012. A. Monterrosa Salomón. Frequency in gardens. Ripening fruit Photograph by: Dick Culbert Clustering fishtal palm (Engl.) Ceiba 44(2): 105–268. The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790. It is one of the sugar palms. Inflorescence. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. This is a much smaller, often multi-stemmed palm, compared to Caryota gigas. The plant owes its name to the beautifully shaped leaves that resemble the tail of a fish. Plant type. This description is based on extensive research and observations of this plant as it grows in our nurseries. Fishtail Palm Tree Profile Its leaf is used as fishing rod after trimming the branches of the leaf and drying. Local names used for this palm. Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast. Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Native to Southeast Asia, it is a reliable and hardy indoor plant, that can reach a mature height of 35-40 feet, with a canopy of 20-feet-wide. Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. Fruit varies in colour from yellowish-green to dark red and to 1.5 cm diameter when ripe. Caryota mitis. Molina Rosito, A. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). Common Name: Burmese Fishtail Palm. Scientific names: Common names: Caryota furfuracea Blume ex Mart: Bato (Tag.) In Florida, it grows in hummocks and in disturbed wooded areas. It is the most widely grown of the Caryota genus. It tolerates shade and is also popular choice for a tall houseplant. Black or Mostly Blue Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. L. Arecaceae + Synonyms. With densely spiralling masses of cream-coloured flowers and abundant dark red fruits, Caryota mitis (the common fishtail palm) is a familiar sight at parks and forest edges in Singapore. Tufted fishtail palm (Engl.) Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Botanical name. Description: This gentle garden palm is recognized by its clustering stems and bipinnate fronds with unusual leaflets resembling fishtails. Photograph by: Ria Tan. "Caryota mitis Tree Record." Caryota mitis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 (Evaluate) and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/. Nickname. For this reason, C. mitis is often planted as an ornamental palm in … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Can tolerate light frosts. Fruiting plant Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Common names Burmese fishtail palm, clustering fishtail palm, Rabok/Tukas (Malay}. It can be used as a shrubby privacy screen or hedge. Caryota griffithii Becc. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Inflorescence. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Stems clustered, leaves bipinnate, leaflets or pinnules fish-tailed shaped hence the common name. Additional Common Names. This unique feature is where the Caryota mitis got the common name of the fishtail palm tree. Englera 29(2): 1–300. [8], Caryota mitis has clustered stems up to 10 m (33 feet) tall and 15 cm (6 inches) in diameter. Common names. Campus. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Scientific name: Caryota mitis Pronunciation: kair-ee-OH-tuh MIT-iss Common name(s): Fishtail palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southeast Asia UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: caution, may be recommended but manage to prevent escape (South); not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended (North, Central) Uses: indoors; specimen; deck or patio; container or planter; screen Botanical Name: Caryota mitis. Fruiting plant Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. Fishtail Palm Tree Info The leaves are mid green, bipinnate and distinctively triangular, rather like a fish tail. Flora Cochinchinensis 2: 569–570. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Climate Zones: Warm temperate to tropical areas. Additional information regarding these descriptions is always welcome. Pet/Baby safe? [2][3][4][5][6] The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790. 1975. Dec 21, 2020. In the wetter tropical regions of northern Australia birds and animals appear to be spreading it into rainforests, vine thickets and along drainage lines. Makes a unique accent plant for any interior. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín. Photo Locations: University of Florida - Miami, FL, Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA, Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA, Tropical Gardens of Maui and Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA. Fishtail palm, Clustering Fishtail Palm, Burmese fishtail palm. Nursery pot size. It’s often planted as a shrubby hedging border and in outdoor container plantings. Habitat: Tropical rainforests from India through to south-east Asia. Flowers Inconspicuous. Origin. [7][9][10], Cultivated mainly as an ornament plant in Cambodia, where it is named tunsaé töch, traditional healers burn the heaps of felted hairs from the leaves' axils to treat ill limbs of patients. Townsville. This is a result of the physical structure of the raphides, and not any chemical reaction.[12]. SelecTree. Caryota L. – fishtail palm Species: Caryota mitis Lour. Air purifying . Caryota mitis. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. Caryota mitis. Yellow, Red; palm. The raphides are strong irritants that cause damage and subsequent itching upon contact with skin, and if ingested, the mouth. This palm forms clumps with multiple trunks, and the main shoot dies after flowering and fruiting. For this reason, C. mitis is often planted as an ornamental palm in … 150mm across and produces flowers for several seasons, starting from the top and moving downwards. Close-up of the inflorescence. Linares, J. L. 2003 [2005]. Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 9–939. Wiine palm (Engl.) Its triangular leaflets are unique, and over time naturally split at the ends -- just like a fish tail. Each trunk is approx. Scientific Name: Caryota mitis Common Name: Fishtail Palm Full Grown: May reach over 16 feet in warmer regions. < https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/caryota-mitis >. The California Polytechnic State University and the Cal Poly Corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Fortunately, as the common name of C. mitis suggests, the “Clustering Fishtail Palm” frequently grow in clusters of stems rather than solitary stems and only the flowering stem dies after fruiting (figure 3, left, below). https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/. – Burmese fishtail palm Caryota mitis Lour. Caryota mitis or the Fishtail Palm has a a clustering habit forming clumps up to 8 metres high. . Description. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. It produces suckers freely. Caryota mitis Lour. Plant height (including pot) 140-150cm. Yes. Caryota sabolifera Wall. Caryota maxima, but C. maxima is a solitary, single stem palm that ultimately reaches a much greater height Native to India through Southeast Asia to Java and the Philippines Extreme care is required when handling the fruits, in which calcium oxylate crystals are found. [11], The fruit of C. mitis is saturated with raphides, sharp, needle-shaped crystals of calcium oxalate. Pronunciation: care-ee-OH-tuh MY-tiss . (eds.) Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. Place in the world where this species spontaneously appears. ORSTOM. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It tolerates heavy shade and is often used in interior plantings in commercial buildings. Caryota mitis is a fairly commonly available Caryota in California and is the only suckering species in cultivation in California though suckering Caryotas show up that don't seem to fit this species exactly. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen. 1988. Pugahan (Tag.) Common Name (s): Leaves 6 1/2-13' long, bipinnate Pinnules resemble fish tails: asymmetrical, incised Common Name: Fishtail Palm, Common Fishtail Palm, Burmese Fishtail Palm, Clustered Fishtail Palm, Rabok, Rebuk, Meridin, Dudok, Tukas, 短穗鱼尾葵, 叢立孔雀椰子. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caryota_mitis&oldid=985234245, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 19:22. 1790. 1995-2020. Common name. South-eastern Asia. Photograph by: Ria Tan. List of Vascular Plants of Gabon with Synonymy, Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde. In nature the Caryota can grow up to 8 meters high, as a houseplant it usually does not grow higher than 2.50 meters. Loureiro, João de. Plants usually form a number of stems. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Clumping fishtail palm ( Caryota mitis) is commonly cultivated in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of Australia. Trunks: About 15 cm across, slender, light green/grayish colour with quite widely spaced leaf nodes. Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf. Caryota urens. Mildly toxic if ingested. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. Description: This is a clustering spineless palm, which can form a tightly packed clump 4-8(-10) metres high and 4 metres across at the top with a bush-like appearance. Photograph by: Ria Tan. [7] In Florida, it grows in hummocks and in disturbed wooded areas. Caryota mitis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 (Evaluate) and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/. Cite this tree: Fishtail palm. This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. Common Name: Fishtail Scientific Name: Caryota mitis Zone: 10A-11 Growth Rate: Moderate Origin: Southeast Asia Salt Tolerance: Low Drought Tol. Fishtail Palm Tree The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Susceptible to Scales and Spider Mites. 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