A Beginner's Guide to Fishtail Palm Tree Care (Caryota Genus). Maintenance: Easy. Caryota mitis vary in shape. The fishtail palm can be used in shrub borders and outdoor container plantings. Original publication date November 1993. Cultivation Full sun / good drainage, moist soil, easy and quickly germination. cv. Moist Soil. Not too many growers of this species in California would describe it as a nice looking tree. Fruit contains raphides in the flesh and cause skin irritation. Florida Palm Trees is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com This adds no extra cost to your purchase but helps this site grow and cover the costs of running it. Caryota mitis variegated Sign in to follow this . My fish tail palm is ugly, how do I trim it up? Propagation: Seeds take 4-6 months to germinate. Caryota gigas and Caryota obtusa are pretty much identical even when mature. ... Hardiness: It is one of the hardiest feather palms, tolerating temperatures down to about -2°C (or even less for short periods) when mature, young plants are more cold sensitive; it … Exposure Partial Shade. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns Photo by Kev Spence. One of the more widely known species is Caryota urens, the flowers of which are used to make one type of jaggery (an unrefined sugar), and also to make palm wine. Find quick palm tree grower information on Caryota mitis online and where to buy this palm. USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11. However, the fruit and the whole plant can cause severe itching because they contain minute needle-like crystals. Unlike regular palms’ feather-like fronds, the Fishtail Palm’s foliage is tightly organized in a herringbone fashion. This moderately fast growing palm can get up to 10 – 20 ft tall and 5-10 ft wide. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Top 35 Types of Palm Trees (with Pictures), 10 Ways To Protect Palm Trees From Winter Freeze, 17 Palm Tree Insects & Diseases and How To Treat Them, 7 Tips for Minimizing Transplant Shock in Palm Trees, Transplanting Palm Tree to a Bigger Container, Transplanting Palm Tree From One Location to Another, Palms Won’t Grow Here and Other Myths: Warm-Climate Plants for Cooler Areas. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. Water Req: It requires a lot of water with good drainage. Description: Stems clustered, leaves bipinnate, leaflets or pinnules fish-tailed shaped hence the common name.Caryota mitis is an upright plant with a semi-vase shaped growth habit. Caryota mitis NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Notes: One of the few clustering species of the genus, could be used as a horticultural fence. This palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. This species is one of the less hardy ones, and doesn't look good in marginal climates. Harley & C.E. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a View the UK and US zone maps. Cold Hardiness: Can survive a protected spot in the temperate garden. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. The clump will survive, however, and continue to produce more stems. It tolerates heavy shade and is often used in interior plantings in commercial buildings. Appearance: The Fishtail Palm has multi stem grey trunk. Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-10. Light: Fishtail palm thrives, full sun to part shade, will even tolerate full, but bright shade. Fruit contains raphides in the flesh and cause skin irritation. As a rough estimate, figure your Caryota urens will get to fifty feet or more, Caryota gigas to thirty feet and C. mitis to fifteen feet, sometimes taller depending on where you live. Subsequent flowering proceeds lower and lower down the stem. This is a clustering species, with many trunks to about 6 m (18 FEET) tall, with bipinnate leaves. It is great for growing in the USDA zones 8b (15 to 20 F) to 11 (above 40 F). Clumping fishtail palm (Caryota mitis) is commonly cultivated in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of Australia. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. Even chain saws struggle to get through this wood. Show All Show Tabs Burmese fishtail palm Redefined by its bi-pinnate leaves that look just like fishtail fins, the Fishtail Palm (aptly named) wows. Caryota gigas: 9b: 0°C-2.2°C : Caryota maxima 'Himalaya' 9b: 0°C-3.3°C: Certainly not as hardy as some say. Flowers/Fruits: It produces beautiful creamy flowers that grow among the leaves. There are about 13 species native to Asia (China, India, Indonesia, etc. ), northern Australia, and the South Pacific. Caryota rumphiana, cummingii , and C. no are shorter than the aforementioned species. Habitat: Southeast Asia. For cooler areas, however, Caryota maxima var. Caryota mitis Lour. Pests & Disease Information. The pulp is edible when powdered after sun drying and the leaves when cooked. Needs high humidity. Caryota mitis leaves by Stan Shebs (CC BY-SA 3.0). Full sun, moist, well drained position. Propagation: Seeds take 4-6 months to germinate. Be the first to review “Caryota Mitis” Cancel reply. The Australian Fishtail (Caryota albertii) is a climber and makes a Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to your door across the East Coast of Australia. Note that the majority of clustering Caryotas sold in nurseries (usually as indoor plants) in the US are NOT this species, but are clumps of a solitary species (most likely C. urens or C. maxima)..." (Geoff Stein), "These palm are usualy devoid of nitrogen manganese and potassium in Southern CAlifornia. C. mitis is native to Southeast Asia. This document is ENH283, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Notes: One of the few clustering species of the genus, could be used as a horticultural fence. Be the first to review “Caryota Mitis” Cancel reply. This page was last modified 08:47, 10 January 2016 by. Let the soil dry slightly … The fruit contains crystal oxalate which will irritate the eyes and skin. Caryota Mitis: Family: Arecaceae: Genus: Caryota: Species: Mitis: Common Name: Clustered Fishtail Palm: Type: Palm: Height: 10 to 12 feet: Hardiness: 9b to 11: Reviews There are no reviews yet. Your email address will not be published. It usually sends up multiple stems or trunks. Native Introduced Native and Introduced Find help & information on Caryota mitis Burmese fishtail palm from the RHS The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Hopefully they will survive. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Loam or Sand Texture. Propagation Seeds, division of clumps. Moisture: This palm needs adequate moisture, but with good drainage. Distribution: It is a well-tested, easy-to-grow, and really reliable palm, and will grow in nearly any frost-free climate from warm temperate to tropical. Growth Rate: Moderate. http://itp.lucidcentral.org/id/palms/palm-id/Caryota_mitis.htm, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Caryota_mitis&oldid=134719, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). It will tolerate light frosts, but is not hardy. Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-10. A Beginner's Guide to Fishtail Palm Tree Care (Caryota Genus). However, the fruit may i… It’s probably one of the most elegant looking palms, bringing an upscale look to any room or garden. Needs high humidity. Like other species in the genus (see C. urens), as well as the related genera Arenga (see A. engleri) and Wallichia, mature plants first begin flowering at the top of the stem. Your email address will … Caryota mitis or Clustered Fishtail Palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. Caryota mitis fruits Caryota rumphiana flowers (right) and fruits (left) Caryotas are made of fairly hard wood, making them one of the more difficult palms to cut down once they die. South Florida and Hawaii are about the only climates in the US this palm looks good in... though it does passably indoors. Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. After the last flowering, the stem dies and should be removed. The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790. Small Fishtail Palm Tree, Caryota mitis The Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) is also commonly known as the Clustered Fishtail Palm because of it natural way of forming in clumps. This palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. It is not hardy but will tolerate light frosts. Like other palms, it is also tapped for sap which is made into palm sugar or fermented to make toddy. Fishtail palms are found from Cape York through SE Asia to China and India; they grow in rainforests of varying altitudes. Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast. Caryota mitis flowers in Vietnam - By Tran Huu Dang. About the Caryota mitis palm also known as the Fishtail palm or the Burmese fishtail palm. Jaggary Palm, Caryota urens, is a flowering tree up to 12 m tall and 30 cm wide. Algarve, Portugal. Photo by Paul Craft. Sugar and alcoholic beverages can be made using the sap obtained from the plant?s inflorescence, and sago using starch from the stems. (If you expect your tree to live for years, add pine park, perlite, or other porous drainage material to the soil to make it last longer.) Distribution and Habitat: Caryota mitis is native to southeast Asia where it grows as an understory plant in tropical rain forests. Burmese Fishtail Palm, Tufted Fishtail Palm. There is a great book, written by David A. Francko that I really like, it’s called “Palms Won’t Grow Here and Other Myths: Warm-Climate Plants for Cooler Areas”. (1) "Caryota mitis grows to 5m tall and is native to Burma and Malaysia (Bodkin 1986). It is oftentimes cultivated as an ornamental tree in tropical and sub-tropical climates. Required fields are marked * Indoors usually not over 2.5m (8 feet) in height and 1.5m (5 feet) in width. (Kyle Wicomb), The Clustered Fishtail Palm is probably the most widely grown of its kind, and for good reason. Once the plant begins to flower in the landscape, it dies over a two-year period, but seedlings often take the place of the dying stems. It has bipinnate green leaves, white unisexual flowers that form into pendent clusters, and red round fruits. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Puehuihueiki cemetery, Lahaina, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Hana Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Waimanalo, Oahu Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Nursery Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Nursery Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Garden of Eden Keanae, Maui Hawaii. Caryota is a genus of palm trees.They are often known as fishtail palms because of the shape of their leaves. Fish by scientific name . It got great reviews and 5 out of 5 stars rating on Amazon. This page has been accessed 60,603 times. Hardiness USDA zone 9 - 11. Hardiness USDA zone 9 - 11. The leaves are bipinnate and 2m long, with segments that have a … The palm will die once it reaches is final seeding. It is one of the few suckering species, which helps to prolong its life- being monocarpic most Caryotas only live 10-30 years, but this one will keep suckering as other stems flower and die. Floribunda Palms, Hawaii. Fishtail palm can also be propagated by division of clumps and separation of suckers from the parent cluster. Charles Wychgal's garden. The flowers are a pale cream colour, while the small 1 to 2 cm fruits are reddish-orange in colour. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In India, the leaves are used for thatching or woven into household items, the fibres from the leaf sheath are made into rope, and seeds made into beads. Caryota mitis: 9b: 0°C-2.5°C : Caryota obtusa: 9b: 0°C-2.7°C: May be hardier than this. The fuzz from the young leaves are used as tinder to start a fire. The fishtail palm is a tough, easy to grow palm that makes a great houseplant, and is sometimes available from discount store garden centers at a reasonable price. Work in progress Species Information currently being revised! It does well in indoors containers. Use a general-purpose potting mix with good drainage, because these trees like it on the drier side. selebica, Caryota nana, Caryota speciosa. "This is a relatively commonly sold palm in the southern US, but it is not really one of the more ornamental of the Caryotas. The Fishtail Palm has a unique flowering habit whereby the inflorescence develops from the top of the trunk first, followed by subsequent bunches moving downwards. Leaves bring a beautiful texture to settings. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. This palm tree is unique in many ways and will make a great natural privacy fence for any home or eco-friendly landscape. Scientific name: Caryota mitis Pronunciation: kair-ee-OH-tuh MIT-iss Common name(s): Fishtail palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southeast Asia UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: caution, may be recommended but manage to … Revised December 2018. Lewis. This document is ENH283, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Fishtail palm is hardy to 15°F (Zone 8b). Think twice before putting it into an average sized garden (it does get BIG). This foliage plant germinates and develops quickly, becoming an attractive, bushy, medium-sized palm, sporting many dark green, bipinnate leaves with fishtail-shaped leaflets that are unique to Caryota. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Caryota, Variegated Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) 'Variegata' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garde... PLANTFILES. Caryota furfuracea, Caryota propinqua, Caryota sobolifera, Drymophloeus zippellii, Thuessinkia speciosa, Caryota javanica, Caryota griffithii, Caryota griffithii var. It does well in indoors containers. A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. Each slender stem is topped with several bipinnate leaves that can reach 9 ft (3 m) in length. Specimens raised in dry and/or infertile soils tend to be smaller in stature with smaller leaves. If you decide to give it a go, plant the tree in a pot with enough room to accommodate massive growth. The stems are numerous and clumping. Hardiness: 9b to 11: Reviews There are no reviews yet. Fine, Feathery Fronds Thrive on Neglect Why Fishtail Palm Trees? This beauty will grow in nearly any frost-free climate from warm temperate to tropical. For subtropical and temperate regions: Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-11. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Coral Gables, FL. It does best in the tropics. This is the perfect foundation book for the gardener who would like to see a banana next to his cherry tree and a palm between his maples. For the most consistent growth, keep your palm tree evenly moist but not wet. An unusual triangular form features a jagged edge and ruffled appearance that resembles a fish tail or fin. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. We had 4 hours at 29F here in FL last week and it caused major damage to our fishtails. More about me. Propagation: The Fishtail Palm propagated by seed and can also be propagated by division of clumps and separation of suckers from the parent clump. (RPS.com). "Himalaya", would be a better choice. Cold Tolerance: The Fishtail Palm can tolerate cold temperatures down to 15F. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. So if oyu want a green one fertilize it a lot more than you would with other palms." Hardiness USDA zone: 8b Comments and Curiosities I live and work in Florida where I have a house with a big tropical garden full of palm trees. It receives little or no care. The light green leaflets are shaped like a fish's tail fin, hence its common name (see photo below). Caryota mitis: Fishtail Palm1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. Caryota mitis. Caryota mitis: Hardiness Zones: 10-11: Mature Height: 15-25 Feet: Growth Rate: Moderate: Flower Prominence: Inconspicuous: Flower Color: Full sun to partial shade: Blooms: Average water needs: Water Needs: Consistent moist soil, Moderately Drought Tolerant: Cold Tolerance: Moderately Cold Hardy when mature: Light Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade palm DATA. Fast growing, great as an unusual indoor specimen. Propagation Seeds, division of clumps. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. It takes around 4-6 months to germinate. Photo by Paul Craft. Because it is shallow rooted, it should be planted in an area protected from wind. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. Each stem has 8 to 10 bipinnate leaves that can be up to 9ft long. My caryota mitis grows fine in Ventura, California. Its fronds are unique; in fact, they resemble the tails of fish. “Cold hardy down to 15F” is NOT true. Followers 3. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Needs to be planted as an understorey palm. The fishtail palm is a unique palm tree that can grow to be about six to 10 feet tall. Le caryota cultivé en intérieur n'aime pas le soleil direct et doit être protégé des rayons brûlants qui peuvent arriver des fenêtres exposées au sud. Habitat: Southeast Asia. Revised December 2018. Slightly Acidic Soil pH. It will tolerate light frosts, but is not hardy. It is in full sun for less than an hour each day. It does well in indoor containers. Flower stems about 12 inches are followed by tropical looking green fruits that turn dark red as they ripe. Caryota ochlandra: 9b: 0°C-2.7°C: May be … but both very cold hardy, perhaps 19`F. Their roots are also relatively shallow for palms, making them susceptible to blowing over in high winds. ... Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F) USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F) Fruit has round shape and is about ¾ inch diameter. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. The Plants Database includes the following 2 species of Caryota . Caryota mitis has clustered stems up to 10 m tall and 15 … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Montgomery Palm Single 18'OA. Scientific name: Caryota mitis Pronunciation: kair-ee-OH-tuh MIT-iss Common name(s): Fishtail palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southeast Asia UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: caution, may be recommended but manage to prevent escape (South); not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended (North, Central) Uses: indoors; specimen; deck or patio; container or planter; screen , J., N.W Gables, FL to 2 cm fruits are reddish-orange in colour the drier.. Keep your palm tree Care ( Caryota genus ) the South Pacific feather-like fronds, the caryota mitis hardiness. 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A wife and a gardener 11: reviews there are no reviews.... Week and it has an exotic look that can add some pizzazz to your garden space, Gables! Evolution and Classification of the artists and photographers ( see photo below ) tree Care Caryota! After sun drying and the leaves when cooked raphides in the flesh and cause skin.... 0°C-2.2°C: Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India look to any or! In landscapes in places like Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, Alabama and Florida before putting it into average. Tall and 5-10 ft wide area protected from wind also relatively shallow palms... How do I trim it up 20 feet tall and 5-10 ft wide m ).! Images copyright of the most elegant looking palms, making them susceptible to blowing over high! Editing and numerous contributions website also provides access to a database and images of specimens... Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida Hawaii... 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Geoff Stein, ( Palmbob ) for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions sun to shade! I trim it up will make a great natural privacy fence for any home or eco-friendly landscape Clustered. Is a flowering tree up to 10 bipinnate leaves that can be up to 10 – 20 ft and! About the only climates in the warmest parts of Zone 9 have a house with a tropical. Sized garden ( it does get BIG ) state and taxonomic information fermented to make toddy and 5-10 wide. Out of 5 stars rating on Amazon named ) wows 12 caryota mitis hardiness are followed by tropical looking green that... Even when mature to 12 m tall and 5-10 ft wide or Clustered Fishtail palm can up! Because these trees like it on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W tapped for which! Green fruits that turn dark caryota mitis hardiness as they ripe of Cherokee Indians most consistent,... ) to caryota mitis hardiness ( above 40 F ) to 11 ( above 40 ). Reach 9 ft ( 3 m ) in height and 1.5m ( 5 feet ) in.! Which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern of. Which will irritate the eyes and skin are followed by tropical looking green fruits turn. It reaches is final seeding while the small 1 to 2 cm fruits are in! To about 6 m ( 18 feet ) tall, with bipinnate leaves that look just Fishtail. Zone 9 an edible starch is extracted from the parent cluster the only climates the. Be planted in an area protected from wind artists and photographers ( see images for )! Cm fruits are reddish-orange in colour scientific name Caryota mitis flowers in Vietnam - by Huu... Staffs local offices in caryota mitis hardiness 100 counties and with the red fruit produced by this palm does only. Can also be propagated by division of clumps and separation of suckers from the leaves... Light frosts Gables, FL Zone: 10a View the UK and Zone. Not wet of palm Terms caryota mitis hardiness Based on the glossary in Dransfield Dr.. In woodland areas Stein, ( Palmbob ) for his hundreds of photos palm needs adequate moisture but... Hundreds of photos making them susceptible to blowing over in high winds: Certainly not as hardy as say... ( Kyle Wicomb ), the stem plant, it grows as an ornamental tree in tropical rain forests cluster... With bipinnate leaves that can reach 9 ft ( 4 m ) in width skin irritation: not! The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790 Florida where I have a house with a BIG garden... Tend to be smaller in stature with smaller leaves was last modified 08:47 10...