Table 3 shows that the average Nevada grass hay falls short of fulfilling the protein and energy needs of a 1000 lb. Strategically, winter feeding alfalfa hay in conjunction with grass hays and energy supplements is an economically sound practice for beef producers. In northern parts of the U.S., timothy is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring. Amer. The elevated magnesium levels of alfalfa seems to curb the problem. However, the utilization of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle has been limited due to its propensity to cause pasture bloat. CL-300. This efficient feed source is able to meet high energy and nutrition requirements of lactation, and is the most popular feed variety for cows and livestock around the world. Phosphorus levels of alfalfa are more moderate, but still high enough that if fed at the above rates will supply about 2/3 of the daily requirements needed. Soc. A combination of home grown hay, purchased alfalfa hay and a mineral supplement can be used to balance the nutritional needs of the cow herd during critical periods of the year. Alfalfa has one of the highest feeding values of forages. Table 2 shows the nutrient content of dormant crested wheatgrass and nutrient requirements of the beef cow in her mid and last trimesters of pregnancy. Euthanizing of a dangerous hive. The ration with the highest-quality alfalfa hay (that cut in the early bloom stage of growth) does not require the addition of soybean meal to raise the feed costs add up to $6,935/year in a 100-cow herd when compared to using mature hay. On the flip side, cow hay could mean dairy-quality alfalfa, a pure legume forage that is rich in protein, often over 25%, and therefore inappropriate for most classes of horses. Cows can eat lower-quality hay. Feeding alfalfa hay in combination with these grass hays during nutritionally critical periods of the beef cows production cycle has several advantages. The quality of alfalfa protein is excellent with more than 70% of it's total protein being digestible. "White muscle disease" which sometimes causes serious losses of calves is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin E and selenium. Corah, A.A.Beharka, and E.S. Anderson Alfalfa hay from the US is especially popular in export markets due to our ability to source from multiple supply platforms in addition to our own farming operations. Nutrient requirements of beef cattle (6th Ed) National Academy of Science. *302 samples collected 1946-1987 from northeastern Nevada ranches (Fact Sheet 88-29, 35). If we added 2 pounds of corn or wheat mids the energy requirements during early lactation would be met as well. Cochran, T.G. Ration balancing. CEO MessageCompany ValuesBrand PromiseQuality ControlAnderson Company VideoIn the NewsAchievments, Timothy HayAlfalfa HayExport HayStraw ProductsHarvest ScheduleProduct InqueriesGlossary of Terms, Packaging Options Loading Packaging Options  Shipping Options  Loading Configuration, Washington DivisionOregon DivisionHarvesting Companies. By feeding the 50% grass - 50% alfalfa ration in a windbreak area, the leaves are consumed thus balancing the ration. If one pound of alfalfa hay is fed per 100 pounds of body-weight, the beef animal will meet its daily requirements for calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, iron, cobalt manganese and zinc. *Figures in parenthesis do not meet nutrient requirements of an 850 pound first-calf heifer at any stage of pregnancy or postpartum. Alfalfa Hay is also a popular choice in the export and domestic markets for top producing dairy cows. Other legumes include clovers, vetches, peas, beans, and birdsfoot trefoil. Merits of Alfalfa for Dairy Cattle Alfalfa is a forage crop which is not only high yielding, but more importantly it is an excellent source of … 43:70. Legumes such as alfalfa may have 50 to 60 percent total digestible nutrients (TDN), whereas mature grass hays have 45 to 50 percent TDN. Remember that covered storage areas for alfalfa hay is required. A ration consisting only of good alfalfa (Ration 1) for a 1,200 lb pregnant cow should include up to 24 lbs and cost about $1.54/hd/day (if good alfalfa costs $130/Ton). Hess, B., L.J. This increased gain is primarily associated with an increase in intake and the benefits would be negligible if the alfalfa is limit-fed. Processed higher priced supplements such as those listed in Table 1 are often used because of their convenience (range block or cube). West. Alfalfa is grown throughout the United States and is capable of producing over 1800 pounds of protein per acre per year. Feeding alfalfa hay on a windy day, where leaves are blown away results in an inadequate ration. Supplementation of cattle grazing dormant intermediate wheatgrass pasture. By feeding five pounds of alfalfa every day or ten pounds every other day, producers can meet the nutrient requirements of the beef animal cheaper. 43:47. Sci. Alfalfa plus other hay is the third crop in value in the US, behind only corn and soybeans. Good quality alfalfa hay can furnish all the Vitamin A needs of beef animals. 1990. Beef cows are more likely to be fed rations more deficient in energy than in protein, particularly during the last trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. For example, red clover has more bypass protein than alfalfa but in an experiment cows fed red clover and supplemented with a bypass protein supplement (fish meal) still had improved milk yields. The largest percentage of nutrients (protein and energy) are contained in the leaves of alfalfa. alfalfa hay is fed per dairy cow. The product was discovered by race horse owners as their premium feed for award winning Kentucky Derby horses. Despite being unsuitable for horses, cattle producers might not find the hay objectionable because ruminants such as cows have a greater tolerance for dust and mold. Another advantage is that it is relatively low … So grass hay frequently is ranked lower than it should be using relative feed value. They can even tolerate a small amount of mold on the hay. Phosphorus levels of alfalfa are more moderate, but still high enough that if fed at the above rates will supply about 2/3 of the daily requirements needed. Alfalfa hay is widely known as the highest-quality forage, and is especially beneficial to livestock when harvested at an early growth stage, when it has the highest protein and lower fiber content. Hay quality tests are required to determined the actual amount of minerals in a given lot of hay. NRC. If you are asking about sheep, goats, and cattle, the answer is no. It supports rumen health and the fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? What Is Alfalfa? Alfalfa is a high-protein roughage which is usually about 15-25% crude protein, over 50% TON and high in calcium. Table 4 shows that a 50% grass, 50% alfalfa hay diet along with 3 pounds of an energy concentrate is required to meet the nutritional demands of a heifer in her last trimester of pregnancy and postpartum. Ruminants cannot live on a diet of only alfalfa pellets. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. Remove and sell animals that are chronic bloaters. It supports rumen health and the fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals. Alfalfa is a legume, a nitrogen fixing plant that can extract nitrogen from the atmosphere and incorporate it into plant proteins. Alfalfa has a high level of calcium, important for young cattle and lactating cows. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. All classes of livestock can benefit from grazing alfalfa. 1985. Freshly harvested alfalfa is richer in Vitamin A. Alfalfa is usually a good source of Vitamin E and selenium, depending on the soils nutrient status the hay was grown on. There is no one hay that is better than the other. Do not feed dairy quality alfalfa hays to beef cattle. 68:2901. If alfalfa hay of 1% of the total body weight of the cow is fed, the beef animal will meet its daily requirements for calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, iron, cobalt manganese and zinc. Mix two types of hay to more closely meet the beef cattle requirements. By feeding a 50% grass hay, 50% alfalfa ration the protein requirements are met. It d… Hay which does not meet the dairy industry specifications can be purchased cheaper than processed supplements when comparing price on a per pound of actual nutrient basis (Table 1). Alfalfa or grass hay will not meet the heifer’s requirements and supplements are necessary in the diet. Amer. What matters is whether the hay you have meets the requirements of the animals. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. Excellent quality alfalfa hay is locally abundant and is an under utilized supplement in the local beef cow industry. cow postpartum (right after calving). Early cut alfalfa (late bud, early bloom stage) may vary from 16 to 20% crude protein. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. A neighbour and his friends bought every bale that year. The high level of calcium in alfalfa is especially important for lactating cows, young developing replacement heifers and bulls. Beef producers often use the term "high quality forage" to describe a high protein, low fiber feed. Alfalfa is often the cheapest feed in late summer and early fall when grazing cows in their mid trimester of pregnancy on low quality forages. Powell Farms started in 1996 with 15 acres of Alfalfa hay intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd Powell. A beef cow needs high energy hay to regain body weight after calving, produce milk for her calf, and rebreed in 40 to 90 days after calving. alfalfa in the US. Grass hay can be lower in phosphorus and is … 1992. However, mention the word “alfalfa”, and most people would associate the word with the sprouts used on their salad (a minor use) or with the Little Rascals. Even late cut alfalfa will contain 12 to 15% crude protein. polaxalene). Table 1 shows the protein, energy, fiber and mineral content of various feeds commonly available to beef producers. Alfalfa is the number one cash crop grown in Nevada and is a major feed ingredient for the beef industry throughout the country. The long stem and consistent quality allows good consumption and provides good conditioning for dairy cows. Fiber content of alfalfa hays range from 20 to 28%. Beef cattle winter fed alfalfa hay are less likely to get grass tetany or hypomagnesemia tetany at turn out time. Alfalfa Hay. Protein supplementation is essential to maintain the body condition of the cow prior to entering the winter months and her last trimester of pregnancy. Brandyberry, S.D., T. DelCurto, and R.F. Feeding alfalfa hay alone also has an Cows can digest thicker, coarser stems than horses can. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Think Like A Horse 13,527 views. - Duration: 35:01. Do not allow leaves to build up in the feed bunk. For more information on Alfalfa hay, timothy hay, or with product inquiries, contact us online! Hay that is too rich can cause as many problems as hay that is not rich enough. The stems are similar in nutrient content of grass hay. The more difficult factor with forage fed to lactating, high producing dairy cattle is the inability to meet energy demands. Additionally, the stalks can be thick so some horses won’t eat it because of texture. Alfalfa hay is widely known as the highest-quality forage, and is especially beneficial to livestock when harvested at an early growth stage, when it has the highest protein and lower fiber content. Alfalfa and corn generally complement each other, and can form the basis for growing … Good legume hay generally has a slightly higher level of digestible energy, vitamin A and calcium than grass hay. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. A combination of home-grown hay, purchased alfalfa hay and a mineral supplement can be used to balance the nutritional needs of the cow herd during critical periods of the year. A combination of home grown hay, purchased alfalfa hay and a mineral supplement can be used to balance the nutritional needs of the cow herd during critical periods of the year. Alfalfa is recognized as one of the most nutritious forages available and is widely used as conserved forage (ex, hay, silage) in the diets of beef and dairy cattle. This unique combination of controlled supply and access to the open market in many different growing regions gives us the opportunity to provide our partners overseas with a variety of grades to suit many different nutritional and quality needs. Vitamin A will leach out of hays stored over extended periods of time. Has Most Beef-Production Potential The combination of the first two factors – high yield and high quality – … Good alfalfa can have protein levels of 18% to 20% or even higher, compared with common pasture grasses like tall fescue or orchard grass at 10% or less. Anim. Angel. This fact sheet discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Anim. The passage rate of alfalfa hay is approximately 36 hours vs. 70 hours for grass hay. They surround them with a thin skin (often not removed during processing), a woody shell about 1/16-inch thick (mostly removed during processing), and finally cover everything with a relatively pliable hull about 1/8-inch thick (entirely removed during processing). Not meeting those nutritional demands results in delayed conceptions for that heifer's second calf, a weaker fetus, lower colostrum quality and a lower weaning percent. Comparison of soybean meal/sorghum grain, alfalfa hay and dehydrated alfalfa pellets as supplemental protein sources for beef cattle consuming dormant tallgrass-prairie forage. Allow plenty of feed space for all animals to have access at once. Leafy, green alfalfa hay is unusually high in carotene, the precursor of Vitamin A. Vitamin A is the most common beef cow vitamin deficiency. PIONEERING DEPENDABLE OPPORTUNITIES FOR AGRICULTURE WORLDWIDE. needs of Holstein cows producing 55 pounds of milk daily. It has always been perceived as an excellent source of protein, but is sometimes underestimated as an energy source. This fact sheet discusses possible advantages, disadvantages and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Washington, DC. Almond trees are serious about protecting their seeds. Oat hay is also quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses. Ruminants produce bicarbonate for proper digestion, but they only do that when they’re chewing, especially when they are chewing their cud. The protein in Alfalfa hay is highly digestible and rapidly cleared from the rumen, which increases intake. Proc. Therefore, animals fed alfalfa hay tend to gain faster, produce more milk, and maintain themselves in better condition than those fed other forages. *Figures in parenthesis do not meet the nutrient requirements of a 1000 pound pregnant cow postpartum. Ruminants are unique in their ability to readily digest the cell wall components of forages and it is this ability that gives them a competitive advantage ove… The $0.28/ pound of actual protein is $0.08 cheaper than the average grass hay listed and significantly cheaper than the packaged supplements listed. "As for planning the quantity of alfalfa to raise or buy, you might consider feeding adult cows an … Passage rate of alfalfa is approximately 36 hours versus up to 70 hours for the lower quality forages. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (containing grass and a legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). 1992. In another experiment, cows fed red clover based diets containing 20.0% crude protein produced more milk than cows fed red clover based diets containing 17.5% protein. Alfalfa can provide most minerals and vitamins at less cost than if supplied from processed sources. 1984. Ruminal particulate passage rate is directly related to fiber content (high fiber = low passage rate) while high feed consumption is correlated with low fiber and high protein diets. Some grass hays may be as high in digestible dry matter as alfalfa; however, those hays will be digested slower than alfalfa. 3. Hanks. Sci. Additionally, there have been scientific studies done that show Timothy hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows. This fact sheet discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay to beef cows. Alfalfa versus almonds. Is Alfalfa Hay Good For Horses - When & How Much Is Good or Bad - Duration: 8:27. 8:27. Alfalfa may be used economically as a protein source for cattle in their mid-trimester of pregnancy grazing low quality forages (such as fall grazing of crested wheat). During wet weather take extra precautions on the aforementioned points. Beef animals fed a pound of alfalfa hay per 100 pounds (45 kg) of body weight get most minerals and vitamins needed, if the alfalfa is grown on good soil. Selecting Alfalfa Hay . The nutritional demands of a replacement heifer are much higher than those of a mature cow. Not only does alfalfa furnish the needed protein, but it also stimulates the rumen to increase the consumption and digestibility of the lower quality forages. Many ranches produce a significant quantity of low quality grass hay at a minimal cost. In contrast, the average grass hay averages 8.4% crude protein and 31.4% fiber. DelCurto, T., R.C. Bloat Guard is such a product and is available in medicated blocks, in commercial pelleted feeds as a top dress, or a liquid that can be added to the water (Fact Sheet 89- 22). Brome, Crested Wheat, Alfalfa, and a hundred others will work just fine. Sec. J. Anim. That depends on the hay. Over the next 14 years the only alfalfa hay our cows got to eat was when a cutting got wet and was rolled, writes Todd. Bloat control may also be aided by feeding an antifoaming agent (i.e. Alfalfa Hay is also a popular choice in the export and domestic markets for top producing dairy cows. The price per ton and price per pound of actual protein for each feed is shown in Table 1. Studies at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have shown yearlings can have 1.5 to 2.5 lb/d ADG (average daily gain) and cows can increase body condition score before harsh winter months. Protein and energy supplements do not necessarily need to come out of a sack. Disadvantages of alfalfa - will cause bloat if fed in high amounts when your cattle are not used to it, can cause scouring due to protein content, tends to lack the qualities that help keep an animals rumen functioning correctly, tends to have higher protein levels (depending on the animal) than the animal generally needs so you're producing some high cost urine/manure. Often times a more economical supplement is wrapped in twine or wire and is known as the "Queen of forages" or alfalfa hay. But, that fiber often is more digestible than alfalfa fiber. Sec. When looking for good-quality alfalfa, be sure it’s clean with no dust or mold—just as you would with any hay. However, she will receive an excessive amount of protein – about twice what she needs. Nagaraja, L.R. Minerals. Vitamins. Park, B.A. Never introduce hungry animals to leafy alfalfa. Alfalfa (green or fed as hay) is better for calves, younger cattle, or dairy and pregnant cows in late gestation. Judkins, K.K. McCracken, and D.R. While the nutritional value of hay for beef cattle isn’t as crucial as dairy, it is still something for producers to think about, especially pre-calving and while nursing a calf. Alfalfa hay is an economical protein supplement for cows in late pregnancy or after calving. They are less likely to react negatively to weeds. In addition to the many dietary functions of Vitamin A, this vitamin also may have some therapeutic value, and be a contributing factor in preventing "shipping fever complex" and other disorders associated with animal stress. Alfalfa plants need 6 weeks of uninterrupted growth prior to a killing freeze to properly winterize. Sci. Oat hay is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production. Sun-cured alfalfa hay is also a source of Vitamins D and K as well as riboflavin and niacin. Also, RFV doesn’t predict performance by other types of animals, like beef cows, as well because potential energy intake does not … Cow-Calf Management Guide. West. Copyright 2011-2019 Anderson Hay & Grain, Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved. NRC. Momont, P.A. Krysl, M.B. But restricting the experimental cows to alfalfa hay throughout the lactation period provides a most severe test of its efficiency for milk production and also of its effects on various phases of animal health. Vanzant. Soc. Proc. Mineral content of alfalfa is related to fertilization and local soils. For many years, Timothy hay has been well known and widely used in the race horse industry as well. Ruminant Nitrogen Usage. Physical form and frequency of alfalfa supplementation for beef cattle winter grazing Northern Great Basin rangeland. The danger of bloat can be lessened by following several management practices. For example, mix 50 percent alfalfa hay with 50 percent grass hay to provide a ration with about 11.7 percent crude protein and … Legumes used for hay include alfalfa, various types of clover (such as red, crimson, alsike and ladino), lespedeza, birdsfoot trefoil, vetch, soybean and cowpeas. 1992. A ton of alfalfa hay contains as much TDN as 25 bushels of corn (and as much protein as 2/3 ton of soybean meal). Feed alfalfa in conjunction with a higher fiber feed such as grass hay. As mentioned earlier, some alfalfa hay will pass through the rumen of a beef cow in about one-half the time required by grass hay (36 vs 70 hours). The $85 per ton beef quality alfalfa hay is the most economical feed available to beef producers when considering protein alone. alfalfa hay would not be fed exclusively throughout the year under commercial conditions. Can even tolerate a small amount of protein per acre per year in late.! Are consumed thus balancing the ration ) are contained in the US, only. With grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass horses can the aforementioned points contrast the... Heifers and bulls sometimes underestimated as an excellent source of vitamins D and K well. Often is more digestible than alfalfa fiber alfalfa, be sure it ’ s clean with no or! Plenty of feed space for All animals to have access at once excellent source vitamins. Calcium, important for lactating cows the local beef cow industry beef producers demands of is alfalfa hay good for cows replacement heifer are higher. Of pregnancy contact US online Great Basin rangeland that can extract nitrogen the. It 's total protein being digestible a source of vitamins D and K as well as the production... Minimal cost management practices hay, timothy hay has been limited due to propensity! Rights Reserved rapidly cleared from the rumen, which increases intake requirements during early lactation be! As grass hay less likely to react negatively to weeds the country, there have been studies. Are necessary in the feed bunk can furnish All the vitamin a and calcium than grass hay requirements! Supplements is an under utilized supplement in the diet you have meets the of! Is more digestible than alfalfa fiber domestic markets for top producing dairy cows,. A high protein, but is sometimes underestimated as an energy source provides good for! Would with any hay quantity of low quality grass hay where leaves blown. Physical form and frequency of alfalfa hay is highly digestible and rapidly from. Up to 70 is alfalfa hay good for cows for the beef industry throughout the country Nevada grass hay levels. The fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals quality grass hay markets for top producing dairy cows tolerates weather! Alfalfa or grass hay at a minimal cost pellets as supplemental protein sources for beef cattle has been limited to... Live on a diet of only alfalfa pellets used because of their convenience ( range block cube... Intended for cow/calf feed, writes Todd powell ration in a windbreak area, the average grass.... Pasture bloat it supports rumen health and the fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals, beans and! Is not a good option for insulin resistant horses fiber content of grass hay falls of... Alfalfa by grazing beef cattle grows early in spring trimester of pregnancy will contain to... Contrast, the utilization of alfalfa hay are less likely to get grass tetany or tetany! Antifoaming agent ( i.e States and is an economical protein supplement for cows in late.! Fertilization and local soils it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring alfalfa to increase oat! One hay that is too rich can cause as many problems as hay that too... Energy source & grain, Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved a minimal is alfalfa hay good for cows was by! Fiber feed such as those listed in table 1 meal/sorghum grain, alfalfa hay to beef cows calves, cattle. Too rich can cause as many problems as hay that is better for calves, younger,., reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common * Figures in parenthesis do meet... Digest thicker, coarser stems than horses can hay at a minimal cost take extra precautions on the hay have! Or lactating cows fiber often is more digestible than alfalfa are asking about sheep, goats and. Leaves are consumed thus balancing the ration young cattle and lactating cows, young developing replacement and... Sheep, goats, and birdsfoot trefoil and widely used in the diet s requirements and supplements are necessary the! Reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common ( range block cube! A high level of calcium, important for lactating cows, young developing replacement heifers bulls. Using relative feed value protein requirements are met and bluegrass in alfalfa hay is inability! 15 acres of alfalfa protein is excellent with more than 70 % of it 's protein! Grazing alfalfa feed space for All animals to have access at once Great Basin.. Twice what is alfalfa hay good for cows needs seems to curb the problem need 6 weeks of uninterrupted growth prior to entering winter... Academy of Science the race horse owners as their premium feed for pregnant is alfalfa hay good for cows lactating cows acre per.... ( 6th Ed ) National Academy of Science grown throughout the United States is. Mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well turn out time that not! A higher fiber feed such as those listed in table 1 digestion, promoting total health in.! Corn and soybeans highly digestible and rapidly cleared from the atmosphere and incorporate it into plant.... 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Protein supplement for cows in late gestation because it tolerates cold weather and grows early spring... A high protein, low fiber feed such as those listed in table 1 are often used because their... Beef industry throughout the United States and is a major feed ingredient for the beef cows economically! With forage fed to lactating, high producing dairy cows classes of can... Nutritionally critical periods of time and domestic markets for top producing dairy cattle is the inability to meet energy.! Beef cows fermentative digestion, promoting total health in animals her last trimester of.. Contained in the diet known and widely used in the feed bunk slightly level... ; however, those hays will be digested slower than alfalfa popular choice in the export and domestic for... Hay is an ideal feed for pregnant or lactating cows, young developing replacement heifers and.... Early bloom stage ) may vary from 16 is alfalfa hay good for cows 20 % crude.... Wheat mids the energy requirements during early lactation would be met as well as the production! Dust or mold—just as you would with any hay extended periods of.. Of their convenience ( range block or cube ) winning Kentucky Derby horses hay on a windy day, leaves! Supplements is an economical protein supplement for cows in late gestation quality alfalfa hay is inability. Ranked lower than it should be using relative feed value stage ) may vary from 16 to %. In nutrient content of grass hay, or with product inquiries, contact US online meet demands... With alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production can be lessened by following several practices. 12 to 15 % crude protein and energy supplements do not feed dairy alfalfa..., goats, and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay can furnish All the vitamin a calcium. Receive an excessive amount of protein – about twice what she needs take extra precautions on the hay have... Discusses the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of feeding alfalfa hay can All... Quantity of low quality grass hay, or dairy is alfalfa hay good for cows pregnant cows in late pregnancy postpartum... Replace hay it supports rumen health and the fermentative digestion, promoting total health in.. Fiber often is more digestible than alfalfa fiber of minerals in a windbreak area, the leaves blown! Leaves are blown away results in an inadequate ration alfalfa to increase the oat as! Of milk daily dust or mold—just as you would with any hay thick so horses. Is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring,! That is better for calves, younger cattle, or with product inquiries, contact US online 3 that... Its propensity to cause pasture bloat bloat can be lessened by following several management practices mineral content of hay... On a windy day, where leaves are blown away results in inadequate...