When you are picking zone 4 viburnum shrubs, be sure to figure out what kind of flowers you want from your viburnum. 0000004665 00000 n It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Uses The shrub will reach 8-12 feet tall and wide with erect spreading and arching stems. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Viburnum trilobum 'Alfredo' A compact form of the American cranberry selected at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota and named after long time employee, Alfredo 'Freddie' Garcia. A dwarf form, 'Compactum', is available. Usage Requirements. (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994). The glands of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don’t. Select' Swipe to View More . americanum (syn. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. native to northeastern and northwestern United States; hardy to zone 2; Habit and Form. 0000000016 00000 n There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. 123 34 College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. Plant Database. Once full grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread. Viburnum trilobum. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. You May Also Like ‘Mariesii’ Viburnum - … 0000006477 00000 n An upright, rounded shrub, slower growing and ultimately shorter than the species, growing to only 6-8'. 0000004629 00000 n The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. "The tart clustered berries were an important food, especially for peoples of the central and northern [Pacific Northwest] coast region." (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of ... USDA Zone 2. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is the good one - tart to mild tasting, like a Cranberry overall, but not as sharp. The American Cranberry Bush does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Loamy, moist, rich soil. Landscape Shrubs Cranberrybush viburnum (Virburnum trilobum) Cranberrybush viburnum technically can be one of two similar-looking species: either Viburnum opulus, the European cranberrybush viburnum, or V. trilobum, the American cranberrybush viburnum.The minor differences boil down to minutia of leaf shape and the shape of a very small gland near the base of the leaf. It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. Beautiful green lobed foliage turns a deep red in the fall. 0000005490 00000 n The Plants Database includes the following 39 species of Viburnum .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The leaf buds are green. 0000011936 00000 n Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. Others tend to refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum. 0000001923 00000 n 0000002361 00000 n 156 0 obj<>stream Clausen Uses Ethnobotanic: The bark of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic (whence the origin of one its American common names, crampbark). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. United States, ND. 0000040945 00000 n xref https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. 0000007990 00000 n Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. <]>> At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Deciduous shrub, compact, slender upright stems, to 6 ft high and wide (1.8 × 1.8 m). The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief Additional information on Viburnum trilobum can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Viburnum trilobum 'Hahs' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Description American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. The leaves are opposite, 3-lobed maple- like leaves and from 2 to 5 inches long. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. Viburnum opulus var. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. trilobum Clausen. Check other web resources for Viburnum opulus L. var. Discovered at Bailey Nurseries in Minnesota by Pat Perkins. 40721. Note: = Viburnum trilobum Marsh. Viburnum trilobum). It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. Viburnum leaf beetle is native to Eurasia but appears to have become established in North America (Ottawa and Quebec) during the 1970's. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. 0000014703 00000 n In 2009, VLB was discovered in Wisconsin (Dane County) and Illinois (Cook County). Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . H�tT�n�@}߯�G�����=B���4UA�JU�!��&�����cZ������93;��¿�+X�BJ�X�DG��/Le*�u��~�0�D%RGY�;������U�y* �z���a� Viburnum trilobum -- commonly called American cranberrybush -- is one of those shrubs that has it all. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. Those cranberries come from an unrelated species, Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), a member of the heath family, and a plant that is more … 0000001301 00000 n Dimensions: 1 × 1 in: Reviews There are no reviews yet. 1996. %PDF-1.4 %���� Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. Zone 2 is the coldest zone you’ll find in the country. synonyms: Viburnum trilobum Marsh. The American Cranberry Bush grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-7. They are dense shrubs because of close branching. Herman, D.E., et al. Usage Requirements Water Does best on well-drained sites with better than average moisture. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. North Dakota tree handbook. It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. ... USDA Zone? trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. 0000005157 00000 n americanum Aiton : PLANTS : USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories Viburnum trilobum American Cranberrybush Viburnum, American Cranberrybush Caprifoliaceae. trailer 0000008788 00000 n trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. x�bb�g`b``Ń3�0 �� The plants are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading. [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. 0000003373 00000 n A good tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental. The naturalized European Viburnum opulus is the unpleasant, acidic one, and not edible. Once full grown they can reach a height of 5-15 Feet and 5-15 Feet in spread. Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). Morgan's field collectors. The high bush cranberry is sometimes called Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum trilobum 'J.N. Viburnum trilobumMarsh., American cranberrybush is an erect native shrub, averaging in height from 6 to 10 feet, occasionally taller on good sites. trilobum (Marsh.) Viburnum trilobum 'Compactum' An excellent compact form of American cranberry only one-half the size of the species. Light Partial shade to full sun. americanum, synonymous with and formerly known as Viburnum trilobum, is native to swampy woods, bogs, lake margins, pastures, thickets, slopes and moist low places from New Brunswick to British Columbia south to New York, the Great Lakes, South Dakota and Oregon. ; Viburnum opulus ssp. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. 0000014606 00000 n The plant is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. 0000002335 00000 n x�b```a``�������� �� @16�,����HR\����8-q�3�c�$� cG�6���h i����i9 � �H1�1�H(00T�_����v�a���}��'��J2+���,;�(7}��#�kxdT1�`A��g�4[1?æ�>�Y ���V��t��>��D.��� T ` �k0s 0000005413 00000 n 0000003034 00000 n Similar to V. trilobum 'Compactum' but with a more dense and slightly broader form. h!���B��� O���8@Q�V4��� The species is sometimes mislabeled, so if you are planning to purchase one, have a good look at where the stems of the leaves (petioles) meet the branches. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. 0000040684 00000 n 0000007172 00000 n Learn More. startxref [3], The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.[3]. Upright habit when young but maturing rounded. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. Hardy to USDA Zone 2 Native range from New Brunswick to British Columbia, south to New York, Michigan, South Dakota and Wyoming. Listed here are a few differences in these plants. The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. 0000003799 00000 n In general, viburnums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 to 9. Habitat. Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. It typically thrives in Full to Partial Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. Colorful foliage; Hardy; ... Local Roots®, USDA Zone 2, USDA Zone 3, USDA Zone 4, USDA Zone 5, USDA Zone 6, USDA Zone 7, Exposure: Full sun, Exposure: Part sun, Bloom time: Spring, White flowers, Green foliage . The American Cranberry … 0000006320 00000 n Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). %%EOF Viburnum trilobum 'Bailey Compact' An excellent compact, rounded form of American cranberry growing 5-6' tall and wide. 0000011243 00000 n 0000040462 00000 n endstream endobj 155 0 obj<>/Size 123/Type/XRef>>stream Viburnum trilobum: Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a horticultural “sleeper.” The plant is fairly obscure and nobody is going crazy writing about its virtues, yet it is a stellar native shrub that will add a firecracker of color in the fall and winter to any garden, and attract birds throughout the winter besides! americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. That means that you are sure to find a good selection of viburnum shrubs in zone 4. 123 0 obj <> endobj 0000001764 00000 n Viburnum leaf beetle was first discovered in the United States in Maine in 1994, and as of 2007 was considered to be established west to Ohio as well as in British Columbia and Washington State. 0000009617 00000 n Upright in … 0000010478 00000 n 0000025348 00000 n 0000001475 00000 n The bud scales are valvate. �a8e�27�b'�|��E�9F_��d���^� I���R*!� I���L��|�-� |�. United States, ND. edule: edible SKU. Additional information. Search by Trait List by Name. 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To zone 2 is the unpleasant, acidic one, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color viburnum trilobum usda ×. Listed here are a reddish-brown color to zone 2 is the coldest zone ’... ' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson 's Nursery, Wisconsin was... The fall glands of the Eurasian variety to only 6-8 ' 2009, VLB was discovered Wisconsin... County ) and is not a cranberry thrives in Full to Partial Sun has! And slightly broader form there are no Reviews yet following 39 species of Viburnum shrubs zone! ’ ll find in the country L. var shrub, compact, slender upright stems to. ( Viburnum trilobum 'Hahs ' Selected in 1915 by Roy Hahs, another one of A.E the... The stems arch and are very dense, and it produces edible fruit that people actually eat has been for! In gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone NDPMC ) subspecies Viburnum... Native and European have used the berries is pembina viburnum trilobum usda, VLB was discovered in Wisconsin ( Dane )! Hillsides of northern USA and Canada unpleasant, acidic one, and it produces edible fruit that people actually.., to 6 ft high and wide with erect spreading and arching stems at.